Our Publications


Specialization of the laboratory

1. The fabrication technique for epitaxial thin films and heterostructures growth of oxide functional materials such as cuprates, manganites, ruthenates and iridates was developed.

2. The development of bicrystal junctions and mesa-structures with Nb electrode on top based on epitaxial thin films of functional oxides.

3. The implementation of resistive, magnetic and microwave studies. Experimental study of the proximity effect and spin-dependent transport at the interfaces in functional oxides.

4. Terahertz application of bicrystal junctions and mesa-structures.



Terahertz applications

Superconducting cuprate Josephson junctions were prepared on bicrystal substrates for application at terahertz frequencies. Studies were carried out also in collaboration with Armenian academy of sciences (IRPhE) and SRON (the Netherlands).



Experimental set-up for measurements at sub-mm waves (in collaboration with IRPhE). BWO signal source f = 220 550 GHz. Beam splitter made from metallic net. A set of teflon lenses are shown for simplicity in one, the Golay cell controls input beam power, Si hemisphere lens with d = 12 mm and extension 3 mm, JJ bicrystal Josephson junction with antenna on sapphire substrate.



Detector response on swept signal in the range 220 - 500 GHz. Bicrystal JJ was placed at the broad-band logo-periodic antenna.



Detector response on swept signal in the range 220 - 500 GHz. Bicrystal JJ was placed at the double-slot antenna designed for 300 GHz with bandwidth 50 GHz.



Experimental results of detector response from sub-mm wave signal fixes at f = 450 GHz, registered by JJ detector.

Measurements were carried out using modulation frequency F = 32 Hz and integrating time-constant 1 sec.



A sketch of sub-mm wave experimental set-up (SRON).

T = 12,5 K, JJ - bicrystal Josephson junction, FTS - Fourier transform spectrometer, Lock-in - selective lock-in amplifier, Detec - detector, V bias - dc bias unit. Signal modulator, temperature control units and reference channel are not shown.






Bicrystal YBCO Josephson junction with log-periodic antenna on sapphire substrate.

YBCO is dark. Shining is adjusted to demonstrate a vertical bicrystal line. Dashes show scale of 100 μm.





Fourier transform spectrogram, obtained from detector response from JJ at T = 12.5 K for fixed bias V = 1,15 mV.





Figure on the left shows the FTS response at intermediate frequency F = 1 2 GHz in down-conversion double-side band mixing in self-pumping mode for JJ with normal state resistance RN = 23 W, IC = 90 μA at T = 12.5 K. Bias voltages correspond to pump frequency: (a) 750 GHz, (b) 845 GHz, (c) 970 GHz. The arrow in fig (c) indicates the frequency of intrinsic Josephson self-oscillation pumping.



Bicrystal magnetic transitions - spin valve

- Bicrystal substrate NdGaO3 with symmetric misorientation of (110) planes

on angle θ = 14 º

- Epitaxial thin film of La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 (or La0.7Ca0.3MnO3) with 50-80 nm thickness

- Thin film junction with 8 m width across the bicrystal boundary


The temperature dependence of bicrystal junction, thin film and grain boundary resistance. Observed decrease of TCu caused, most likely, by the presence of the defective layer near the boundary.



Hybrid mesa-structures



Mesa-structures areas from 10x10 to 50x50 m2.

Nb - conventional s-wave superconductor (S)

YBa2Cu3Ox (YBCO) - oxide superconductor having a dominant d-wave symmetrical component of the superconducting order parameter (D)

Au normal metal (N)

M magnetoactive interlayer:

- antiferromagnetic cuprate Ca1-xSrxCuO2 (CSCO) with x=0,15 and 0,5;

- manganites La1-yCayMnO3 and La1-yCayMnO3, demonstrating ferromagnetism (y=0,3);

- rutenate SrRuO3 - ferromagnetic with Curie temperature 140K;

- iridates SrIrO3 and Sr2IrO4 with strong spin-orbit interaction;

- non doped LaMnO manganite demonstrating ferromagnetic properties with Curie temperature 140K;



Spin triplet electron transport & proximity effect



F2: Tcu = 350 K, Hs = 200 Oe


F1: Tcu = 130 K, Hs = 104 Oe


Magnetizations of LSMO is in-plane and SRO is out of plane.


Magnetization of the heterostructures Au/LSMO/SRO/YBCO

Increasing of magnetization in heterostructure with the only Au film in the top electrode is clearly seen for parallel orientation of magnetic field and the Meissner effect in perpendicular field.

TEM pictures for bilayer structures LSMO/SRO/NGO






Current-phase relation of the mesa-structures Nb/Au/LSMO/SRO/YBCO

Critical current and Shapiro step dependences on microwave current indicating a presence of the second harmonic of current phase relation for mesa-structure with dSRO = 5.6 nm, dLSMO = 15 nm, L = 20 μm

Magnetic field dependence of critical current. Maximum IC at H≠0 and hysteresis at wider range of sweeping of magnetic field confirms the magnetic nature of interlayer.




Superconducting current of the mesa-structures Nb/Au/LSMO/SRO/YBCO

Contour dependence of critical current density jC on dSRO dLSMO plane.

Experimental data are shown by black points. T = 4.2K



Spin filtering

Tunnel current for spin up and spin down electrons:


Possible model for (Au-Nb)/I*/LMO/YBCO mesa-structure


Conductance of the mesa-structures Nb/Au/LMO/YBCO


Voltage dependence of mesa-structure conductivity for temperature T>TC. Asymmetry of conductivity could be induced by differences in work functions for materials at the interfaces LMO/YBCO and LMO/(Au-Nb)


Generation in frequency range 1-2 GHz was measured at bais current I > 150 mA and voltage V 10 mV and magnetic field 5 Oe at T = 4.2 K. The line width 50 MHz, power 1 pW. The frequency of generation increases with the bias current as 7.5 1012 Hz/A. The explanation of the generation appear is based on the model presented above.


Mesa-structures with iridate interlayer

YBCO/Sr2IrO4/Au in situ heterostructures




C-parameter of Sr2IrO4 remains close to tabular values, the transition temperature to the superconducting state of the YBCO layer also does not change in comparison with autonomy film, and is equal to 91 K.




- YBCO 60 nm 830 oC 0,5 mbar O2, TC = 91 K.

- Sr2IrO4 10 nm 700 oC 0,5 mbar Ar + annealing 30 min 500 oC, 1 atm O2.




Samples with mesa-structures areas from 10x10 to 50x50 m2.